Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Archeology Links, 8/5/14

Article: Mystery of China's Terracotta Army solved
The army was covered with a couple layers of lacquer; layers of pigment and binding media went on top of this. The pigment was identified, but the binding media was a mystery, making it difficult to conserve or restore the figures — until now. By comparing "artificially aged" replica samples to the historical samples, researchers pinpointed the binding material as animal glue.
Article: Rare Coins Bear Scars of Ancient Jewish Rebellion
Late Second Temple Period Jewish settlement with a trove of rare bronze coins inside one of its houses has been discovered in Israel.

The 114 bronze coins, which were found inside a ceramic money box and hidden in the corner of a room, date to the fourth year of the Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans — an uprising that destroyed the Temple on Tisha B'Av about 2,000 years ago....

Stamped on one side of the coins are a chalice and Hebrew inscription that translates to "To the Redemption of Zion." On the other side, the coins bear a motif with a bundle of lulav (palm branch) between two etrogs(a type of yellow citron) and the Hebrew inscription "Year Four," referring to the fourth year of the Great Revolt, around the year 69 or 70.
The room was part of a complex that was built in the first century BC and was destroyed in the 2nd century AD.

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